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  • Basic Explanation: A semiconductor is like a special material that can help control electricity. It’s used to make tiny chips that power many devices like phones, computers, and even your TV.
  • Practical Example: Think of a semiconductor as a traffic cop for electricity. It decides when and where electricity should flow, making gadgets work.
  • Advanced Explanation: A semiconductor is a material with properties between those of a conductor (allows electricity to flow easily) and an insulator (blocks electricity). Silicon is the most common semiconductor material. Semiconductors are used to create microchips or integrated circuits that serve as the “brains” of electronic devices. By adding tiny impurities called “dopants,” engineers can manipulate the electrical behavior of semiconductors to build transistors, diodes, and complex electronic components.
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